National KYU Grading Syllabus     Jigoro Kano     Judo Origins     Kyuzo Mifune


Answer level
What Does Judo mean Gentle Way White belt
What is a Judoka One who studies Judo White belt
What Does Sensei Mean Teacher White belt
What is a  Judogi  Judo Uniform White belt
What is an Obi  Belt White belt
What does  Kiotsuke mean attention White belt
What does  Rei mean Bow White belt
What does  Hajime mean Begin White belt
 What does Matte mean Stop White belt
What Does Osaekomi mean Pin, Hold Down White belt
What does Ukemi Mean Breakfalls White belt
 What does Toketa mean Escape, Stop timing of hold down White belt
 what does Seiza mean Formal Sitting posture White belt
 What does Anza mean Informal Sitting Posture White belt
What is a Dojo  School or Training Hall White belt
 What are Tatami  mats White belt
 Who is Jigoro Kano Founder of Judo White belt
 What Year was Judo created  1882 White belt
 Where was Judo created  Tokyo, Japan White belt
 Name the Colored belts White, Yellow , Orange, Green, Blue, Brown White belt
 One Safety rule   White belt
 One Etiquette rule   White belt
 Name your favourite technique   White belt
 Ippon  Full Point White belt
 Waza-ari  Half point White belt
 Yuko  Lower Point White belt
 Ashi  foot, Leg White belt
 Ne-Waza  ground techniques White belt
Kodokan  institute where Judo was founded White belt
 Hidari  left - demonstrate Yellow
 Migi  right - demonstrate Yellow
 Shiai  contest, competition Yellow
 Randori  Free Practice Yellow
 Uchikomi  repititon practice, no throws Yellow
 Zori  slippers Yellow
 Sono-mama  freeze, stop action Yellow
 Yoshi  resume action Yellow
 Shido  penalty Yellow
 Shizen-hontai  natural posture Yellow
 Jigo-hontai  defensive posture Yellow
 Tai-sabaki  Body Control, Turning in Yellow
 Tsugi-ashi  shuffle step Yellow
 Kumi-kata  gripping methods Yellow
 Sode  sleeve Yellow
 Kuzushi  unbalancing of opponent Yellow
 Tsukuri  entry into technique Yellow
 Kake  Execution of Technique Yellow
 Waza  Technique Yellow
 Tori  person performing technique Yellow
 Uke  person recieving technique Yellow
 Count to ten See reverse Yellow
 Mudansha  student below black belt Yellow
 Yudansha  person who earned black belt Yellow
 Nage, Katame & Atemi Waza ** Throwing, Ground and Striking Techniques Yellow
Koshi-Waza Hip Techniques Yellow
 Joseki  Place of Honour, Upper Seat Yellow
 Two Safety rules See reverse Yellow
 Two Etiquette rules See reverse Yellow
 Name a Te-Waza See reverse Yellow
 Eri  lapel, collar Yellow
Osae-Waza Hold down techniques orange and higher
Kohai Protégé ( lesser skilled helper) orange and higher
Sempai Mentor (more skilled helper) orange and higher
Kamiza Place of honor orange and higher
Tokui-Waza favourite technique orange and higher
Shime-Waza  Choke techniques orange and higher
kansetsu-Waza Joint Lock techniques orange and higher
Tachi-Waza Standing techniques orange and higher
Shimoza   orange and higher
Shimoseki where students line up orange and higher


Rules of Etiquette Safety Rules
·  Bowing onto and off of the mat ·   Warming up and cooling down
·  Bowing to your partner before and after  practicing ·   Hygiene ( trimmed nails, wounds etc)
·  Listen when Sensei speaks; Don't interrupt ·   Sportsmanship and courtesy
·  treat other judoka and officials with respect ·   Use controlled techniques (ie armbars, chokes)
·  Sportsmanship and courtesy ·   no jewelry
·  Wear a clean gi ·   no food, gum, etc
·  sit properly on the mat (anza or seiza) ·   compete or practice with tecnhiques within your skill level


Counting to Ten in Japanese
ichi means one.
sounds like "each".
ni means two 
* sounds like "knee"
san means three
* sounds like "sahn"
shi means four
* sounds just like "she"
go means five
roku means six
shichi means seven 
* sounds like "she-chee", with a hint of tch on the "chee"
hachi means eight
* sounds like "ha!" then "tchee".
kyuu means nine
* sounds like the letter "q".
juu means ten
* pronounced "joo", with a teensy-tiny bit of zh on the j